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By Dimitris Livanios

The Macedonian query - the fight for keep watch over over a territory with traditionally ill-defined borders and conflicting nationwide identities - is likely one of the such a lot intractable difficulties in smooth Balkan historical past. during this lucid and persuasive learn, Dimitris Livanios explores the British measurement to the Macedonian query from the outbreak of the second one global battle to the aftermath of the Tito-Stalin break up. Investigating British coverage in the direction of the Bulgar-Yugoslav controversy over Macedonia, the writer assesses the influence of British activities and approach in this interval, with a specific specialize in wartime making plans in regards to the way forward for Yugoslavia and Bulgaria, and makes an attempt to avoid Tito from making a federation of the South Slavs, either in the course of and after the battle. Making large use of British information, Livanios brings to mild vital documentary facts to supply a clean point of view at the emergence of the federal Macedonian unit inside Tito's Yugoslavia, and at the efforts to create a functioning Macedonian nationwide ideology.

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Additional info for The Macedonian Question. Britain and the Southern Balkans 1939-1949 (Oxford Historical Monographs)

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S’il faut être Serbes rien n’empêchera, mais pour l’heure Bulgares vaut mieux. Bérard, La Turquie, 125. ⁴⁵ Misirkov and the small circle of intellectuals who professed a Macedonian consciousness, however inconsistently, were not the only source of Macedonianism. Serbian politicians and scholars, such as Stojan Novakovi´c, for instance, also acknowledged at about the same time the existence of a separate Macedonian group, but they did so in an attempt to deny those Slavs to Bulgarian nationalism, thus safeguarding the ‘historic rights’ of Serbia in the region.

1983), 283. ⁶¹ Joseph Swire, Bulgarian Conspiracy (London, 1939), 99. ⁶² For the revolt see Nadine Lange-Akhund, The Macedonian Question, 118–30; Dakin, Greek Struggle, 98–106. ⁶³ For the significance of Ilinden in modern Macedonian nationalism see Keith Brown, The Past in Question: Modern Macedonia and the Uncertainties of Nation (Princeton, 2003). 20 Weaving the Nessus Shirt, 1870–1939 Greek consuls and mainly by the Consul General in Salonica, Lambros Koromilas, managed to check the Bulgarian terrorist activity, often by equally ruthless means.

On March 1912 the Serb–Bulgarian Treaty of Friendship and Alliance was signed. ⁷⁰ At that time, agreement was also reached regarding the partition of Macedonia. The territory to the east of the river Struma (Strymonas) and the Rhodope mountains was to be ceded to Bulgaria, while Serbia should receive the area to the north ˇ mountains. ⁷¹ At about the same time negotiations between Greece and Bulgaria were under way, and a Treaty of Defensive Alliance was concluded on May 1912. ⁷² The tiny kingdom of Montenegro, also part of the Balkan League, declared war against the Ottomans on October 1912 despite the Powers’ call for moderation, and very soon Greece, Serbia, and Bulgaria ⁶⁷ Ivan Gueshoff, The Balkan League (London, 1915), 1–2.

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