By G. Mason, J. Rushen
This 2d variation is a whole re-write of the first version in 1993. It displays advancements in wisdom because the 1st variation and contains many new chapters and members. challenge over the welfare of limited animals is constant to extend and extends not just to farm and zoo animals, but in addition to laboratory and significant other animals. This publication specializes in environmentally caused stereotypes, instead of drug brought about or neurologically dependent stereotypes and discusses why captive animals practice those stereotypes. It additionally examines what this behaviour can let us know approximately animal welfare, innovations for prevention and medication and assesses destiny study instructions and implications for animal welfare.
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Additional resources for Stereotypic Animal Behaviour: Fundamentals and Applications to Welfare
2000; 30 R. Bergeron et al. Lindstro¨m and Redbo, 2000; Baxter and Plowman, 2001). g. , 2001). 3. Captive diets may detrimentally affect gastrointestinal function Low fibre, high carbohydrate concentrate diets can cause gastrointestinal acidity, and thence potentially mucosal damage (especially in monogastrics’ stomachs) and/or acidosis (especially in ruminants, where ruminal contents become overly acidic, impairing proper fermentation). g. 20% of dairy cows; Oetzel, 2003), and such processes are well understood for ruminants.
2. The risk of developing a new form of stereotypic behaviour in horses at different ages. , 2002). On a finer timescale than can be seen from the figure, weaning (with its associated husbandry changes, including dietary ones), occurred at 15–35 weeks, and the emergence of new stereotypies peaked at 40 weeks. Note that the fall in risk evident from 12 months onwards thus does not indicate a decrease in the performance of existing stereotypies, merely a decline in the emergence of new ones. , 1994).
G. g. g. , 1997). Processed, low-fibre diets also cause gastrointestinal acidity in horses and pigs. g. g. , 2002). g. g. reviewed by Murray, 1999; Merial, 2004). Likewise, stomach ulceration is common in commercially kept pigs; for example, in sows, O’Sullivan et al. (1996) reported a mucosal lesion prevalence of 60%, and Hessing et al. (1992) 63%; whereas in young slaughter pigs, Ayles et al. (1999) report gastric ulceration in 32–100% of animals, and Hessing et al. (1992) 36%. g. , 1995; and reviewed by Blood and Radostits, 1989).