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By Immanuel Kant

This solely new translation of Critique of natural cause is the main actual and informative English translation ever produced of this epochal philosophical textual content. although its uncomplicated, direct type will make it compatible for all new readers of Kant, the interpretation screens a philosophical and textual sophistication that might enlighten Kant students besides. This translation recreates so far as attainable a textual content with an analogous interpretative nuances and richness because the unique.

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Many of these were revolutionary developments both in Kant's own thought and in the his­ tory of Western philosophy. Even so, the Critique of Pure Reason, as well as the further "critical" works that were to follow it, have to be seen as the product of a continuous evolution at least since 1755, a process in which Kant never hilly subscribed to the Wolffian orthodoxy and in which he continued revising his position both substantively and methodologically until he arrived at the Critique. Moreover, even after the Critique was first published, Kant's thought continued to evolve: as we will see below, there are major differences between the first and second editions of the work (both presented in their entirety in the present translation).

T h e Critique has perhaps most often been seen as marking out a third way that combines the virtues, while'avoiding the pitfalls, of both the "rationalism" of Descartes and Leibniz and the "empiricism" of Locke and Hume. This way of reading the Critique, however, even though to some extent suggested by Kant himself, de­ pends on a simplified reading of the history of modern philosophy and at the very least on an incomplete assessment of the strengths and weak­ nesses of Kant's modern predecessors.

T h e third chapter, the "Architectonic of Pure Reason," continues the discussion of the contrast between philosophy and other forms of cognition, such as historical knowledge, as well as of the. contrast within philosophy between theo­ retical and practical reason (A 8 3 2 - 5 1 / 0 8 6 0 - 7 9 ) , while the final chapter of the "Doctrine of Method," and of the whole Critique, the "History of Pure Reason," orients the critical philosophy clearly in relation to the competing positions of dogmatism, empiricism, skepticism, and indifferentism, the discussion of which had opened the Critique (A 8 5 2-5 6/ B 880-84).

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