Download Applications in Computing for Social Anthropologists (Asa by Michael Fischer PDF

By Michael Fischer

As expanding numbers of social anthropologists use a working laptop or computer for wordprocessing, curiosity in different functions unavoidably follows, laptop functions in Social Anthropology covers learn actions shared by means of all social anthropologists and introduces new equipment for organizing and examining information. Lucidly written, and sympathetic to the actual wishes of social anthropologists, will probably be of titanic price to researchers and pros in anthropology, improvement reports and sociology

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4 GENERAL FEATURES OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND PERIPHERALS Although software is the key to effective use of computers in social anthropology, some understanding of computer hardware is the basis of understanding what kinds of software requirements are realistic in particular situations. This is especially important for many applications in social anthropology, where minimum computing power is often not adequate. The task determines the kind of hardware required. Many anthropologists, for budgetary or other reasons, tend to think of their requirements as being satisfied by a single computer.

5). Most dedicated plain-text database managers are suitable where only text is used in a compilation and where only limited and structured linkage is required, but hypertext programs can be used where non-textual data is to be included in addition. Many plain-text databases are built using hypertext programs, so hypertext is probably the best general purpose approach. With these programs it is possible to search and retrieve for inspection the irregular information based on searches using the regular information, and also to export the regular information for processing by other programs.

The most accessible forms of database applications for computers are rectangular, hierarchical and relational databases. An excellent introduction to these is found in Burnard (1987), Bagg (1992) and Wilson (1992). Briefly, a rectangular (or ‘flat file’) database is a simple collection of cases (representing entities) for which there are identical, fixed, categories of information (attributes) associated with each case. Rectangular databases have the advantage that they are relatively easy to set up and simple to query, but they are limited in the kinds of information that can be extracted from them.

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