Download Antisemitism Its History And Causes by Bernard Lazare PDF

By Bernard Lazare

Bernard Lazare's arguable magnum opus, initially released in France in 1894, asks why the Jews have aroused such hatred for 3 thousand years. The journalist, although severed from his Jewish upbringing, was once fiercely devoted to social justice and will no longer forget about a surprising antisemitism within the fin-de-siècle circles he knew. In seek mg for its ancient factors, he was once additionally looking for his personal roots and position on the planet. As biographer Nelly Wilsonhas famous, younger Lazare used to be "constantly engaged in a discussion with himself" while he wrote Antisemitism, Its heritage and Causes.
Lazare starts off his "impartial examine" by way of contemplating no matter what within the Jewish personality will be guilty for antisemitism. Then he seems to be outward to these countries between which the Israelites dispersed, analyzing the various faces of antisemitism from Greco-Roman antiquity to the top of the 19th century. Lazare brings his learn and research to undergo on no matter what shape antisemitism has taken: ethnic, nationalist, financial, social, literary, philosophical. spotting that antisemitism is essentially in keeping with worry of the stranger and the necessity for a scapegoat, Lazare concludes with a stunning state of affairs for the longer term. This notable ebook conveys Lazare's personal religious progress. France's Dreyfus Affair within the Nineties may provoke him to a passionate conflict opposed to antisemitism.

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We find all these theological and polemical attacks combined in the six sermons delivered at Antioch, by St. John Chrysostom (38) against the Jews; an examination of those homilies will give us an understanding of the methods of discussion, as well as the reciprocal attitude of Christians and Jews and their mutual relations. The Jews, says Chrysostom in the first of his sermons, are ignoramuses, who lack all understanding of their own law, and are consequently impious. They are wretches, dogs, bull- headed; their people are like a herd of brutes, like wild beasts.

He defends the 31 Church; he shows that Israel is dispersed in consequence of the death of Christ; he draws from the prophets and the stories of the Bible proofs of the divinity of Jesus, and he recommends to his flock to stay away from the sermons of those Jews who call the cross an abomination and whose religion is null and useless to those who know the true faith. In short, says he in conclusion, it is absurd to consort with men who have treated God with such indignity and at the same time to worship the Crucified.

Irritated by the objections of the Talmudists he brands them as falsifiers, and declares that one need seek no religion in the blindness of the Jews, and that Judaism may serve only as a term of comparison to demonstrate the beauty of Christianity. St. Ambrose (35) attacked them from another side; he took up anew the charges of the ancient world, those which had been used against the first Christians, and accused the Jews of despising the laws of Rome. St. Jerome (36) claimed that an impure spirit had seized the Jews.

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