Download American Journalists: Getting the Story (Oxford Profiles) by Donald A. Ritchie PDF

By Donald A. Ritchie

In 60 essays, this quantity profiles American reporters from colonial occasions to the present--reporters, editors, publishers, photographers, and broadcasters--whose careers mirrored significant advancements of their career and within the background of the us. In a speech to Newsweek correspondents in 1963, writer Philip Graham defined journalism as "the first tough draft of history." those newshounds faced and helped to form the dialogue of significant concerns and occasions in American heritage, from the yankee revolution via abolition, westward growth, the Civil struggle, the civil rights stream, immigration, and the women's move, in addition to significant constitutional concerns concerning the 1st modification safety of freedom of the clicking. Biographies of famous reporters, from Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Paine to Walter Cronkite and Rupert Murdoch, look along a few who can be much less normal, comparable to Elias Boudinot, founding father of the 1st Cherokee language newspaper; Abraham Cahan, editor of the Jewish day-by-day ahead; and Daniel Craig, who within the 1830s used service pigeons to ferry the scoop. different matters comprise Margaret eco-friendly Draper, the innovative printer; Claude Barnett, founding father of the linked Negro Press; photojournalist Margaret Bourke-White; conflict correspondent Ernie Pyle; and Allen Neuharth, founding father of united states this day. Illustrations, truth packing containers, and quotations from the themes themselves make this quantity an essential reference for college kids of yankee background in addition to a desirable learn. reporters profiled contain: Horace Greeley Frederick Douglass Mark Twain Thomas Nast Joseph Pulitzer Nellie Bly William Randolph Hearst Ida Wells-Barnett H. L. Mencken Dorothy Thompson Walter Winchell pink Smith Edward R. Murrow Walter Cronkite Bernard Shaw Cokie Roberts Manuel de Dios Unanue and lots of extra

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Although Jefferson chose not to respond, James Madison and other friends employed their pens (and pen names) in his defense. Between August and December of 1792 the two sides assailed each other steadily. Much of the fury was due to their uncertainty about whether President Washington would accept a second term. If he declined, then Jefferson and Hamilton might be candidates to succeed him. Each side did everything possible to stop the other. That fall, however, Washington reluctantly agreed to run for a second term, and he easily won reelection.

His father was a leather dresser who also ran an ale house. Fenno attended the Old South Writing School near the Boston Common, and after graduation worked as an assistant teacher there. His penmanship earned him a post as secretary to General Artemas Ward during the Revolution. In 1777 he married Mary (“Polly”) Curtis, who came from a wealthy family. One of her uncles lent Fenno money to enter the importing business after the war, but he proved to be a poor businessman. After importing more goods than he could sell, he fell deeply into debt.

Government printing contracts made Fenno’s Gazette of the United States essentially the “official organ” of the Washington and John Adams administration and set a model for other pro-administration papers to follow. Every President until Abraham Lincoln had a newspaper that served as his official forum and whose printing was subsidized by government contracts. John Fenno continued publishing until 1798, when another epidemic hit Philadelphia. Once again he declined to leave. ” But this time Fenno contracted the fever.

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