By David O. Cooney
Highlighting activated charcoal's nice effectiveness in treating drug overdoses and poisonings in either people and animals, this complete, single-source reference brings jointly very important info from each major research at the use of activated charcoal for clinical purposes-describing all on hand charcoal items and their features.
Details activated charcoal's skill to minimize the systemic absorption of an enormous array of gear, chemical compounds, and biochemical substances-including analgesics, antipyretics, sedatives, alkaloids, snake venoms, and bacterial and fungal pollutants.
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Additional resources for Activated Charcoal in Medical Applications, Second Edition
And Hofmann, A. W. (1853). Report on the alleged adulteration of pale ales by strychnine, J. Chem. Soc. 5, 173. Hassler, J. W. (1963). , New York. Historical Background of Activated Charcoal 17 Helen, H. (1914). Animal charcoal, Pharm. Post 47, 949. Hofmann, H. and Neubauer, M. (1948). Medicinal charcoal and the differences in adsorption capacity of various charcoal preparations, Pharmazie 3, 529. Holt, L. , Jr. and Holz, P. H. (1963). The black bottle - a consideration of the role of charcoal in the treatment of poisoning in children, J.
This latter stage is what is meant by "activation" of the charcoal. 18 Activated Charcoal and the Adsorption Process A. 19 Carbonization The pyrolysis step is usually carried out by heating the source material to temperatures ranging between 600 and 900°C in the absence of air. Development of a porous material during this first step has been found to be aided greatly by incorporating metallic chlorides in the starting mixture. A typical example of this is the European process in which pulverized peat or sawdust is mixed with a concentrated zinc chloride solution, dried, and carbonized in a kiln at 60O-700°C.
Reproduced by permission of the Engineering Foundation. 10 Adsorption of an amphoteric compound to activated charcoal as a function of pH. IEP = the isoelectric point. From Cooney and Wijaya (1987). Reproduced by permission of the Engineering Foundation. ability of weak organic electrolytes with pH, and have applied it to data of theirs on p-nitrophenol and benzoic acid adsorption. All of these studies confirm the general prin ciple that adsorption varies inversely with the amount of charge on the adsorbing species.