Download Action and knowledge: breaking the monopoly with by Orlando Fals-Borda, Mohammad Anisur Rahman PDF

By Orlando Fals-Borda, Mohammad Anisur Rahman

Motion and data attracts on two decades of expertise with the ideas and philosophy of Participatory Action-Research (PAR). PAR is an cutting edge method of financial and social switch, which works past ordinary institutional barriers in improvement by means of actively regarding the folks in producing wisdom approximately their very own situation and the way it may be replaced. PAR calls for a robust dedication by way of engaging social scientists to deprofessionalize their services and percentage it with the folk, whereas spotting that the groups without delay concerned have the serious voice in opting for the path and objectives of switch as matters instead of items. PAR has its origins within the paintings of 3rd global social scientists greater than 3 many years in the past as they introduced new how one can empower the oppressed through assisting them to procure trustworthy wisdom on which to build countervailing strength. It has for the reason that unfold through the international, as mirrored during this e-book with contributions from Asia, Africa Latin the United States and North the US within the kind of case experiences of tangible adventure with the PAR procedure. PAR isn't really static and glued yet dynamic and enduring, because the case experiences and the theoretical chapters that precede and stick to the case reports amply display.

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Promoted by the prospect of receiving high prices for their lands, and subjected to extra-economic pressures that often included violence, many peasants were forced to sell their lands. Communities such as Villarrica, which thirty years ago were marketplaces for peasant products, became marketplaces for a labor force drawn from farmer wage earners whose real incomes have been gradually shrinking. Expansion of the sugar economy brought to the region both agricultural development and rural underdevelopment, growth of the gross regional product and a decreasing standard of living, and prosperity for the few and impoverishment for the majority.

Without popular participation in defining these concepts and values, they would not have taken root in their own consciousness. In order for the alternative ideology to result from a collective effort throughout the research process, all forms of indoctrination and ideological imposition had to be ruled out. In this regard the pensamiento could not be constituted by a recipe or a set of formulas and slogans that the people could memorize and repeat acritically. Rather, it had to be a simple consciousness that would include the minimal and essential ingredients for further invigorating their struggle.

But above all, since this process contributed to affirming their own culture, it moved people to become involved. Meetings and assemblies, which periodically brought the community together, represented another context for generating knowledge. In addition to reporting on how the effort was unfolding, people used these activities as a time for reflection. Many told about their own experiences or discussed past struggles. This information was processed collectively at such gatherings, pulling together the pertinent aspects of past experiences resulted in a common narrative.

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