By Gary A. Donaldson
The usa had great possibilities after international struggle II. The nation's commercial may perhaps, geared to defeat Germany and Japan, may now be thinking about family construction. actual wages have been up, the GNP was once at the upward push, business construction used to be up, and inflation used to be below keep an eye on. the longer term seemed shiny for the typical American. yet this abundance used to be punctuated with anxiousness. inside 4 years of the tip of the battle, the Soviet Union had develop into the recent enemy: that they had the bomb and China and jap Europe had fallen into the Soviet sphere of effect. those issues, the abundance of the growing to be financial system and the nervousness of the chilly battle, outlined the interval from 1945-1960.
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Extra resources for Abundance and Anxiety: America, 1945-1960
And certainly labor saw that a vote for Wallace (or not voting in protest, as many work- Domestic Politics in Truman’s First Term 21 ers had done in 1946) was to vote for a conservative, antilabor Congress. But it is hard to credit labor because Truman lost important industrial states such as New York, New Jersey, Michigan, Indiana, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania. But labor did have its way with Congress: a total of seventynine incumbents in the House who voted for Taft–Hartley were voted out of office in 1948.
The Republicans turned for the second time to Thomas Dewey, but not without an uncharacteristic convention fight. It was only on the third ballot that Taft surrendered his delegates to Dewey, whom he called ‘‘a great Republican [who] . . ’’23 The air at the Philadelphia convention was filled with the certainty that the Republicans were nominating the next president. Dewey chose Earl Warren, the popular liberal California governor, as his running mate. Considering the power that Taft wielded in the party, the Dewey–Warren ticket was moderate, so moderate that it generally disavowed the 80th Congress and its conservative domestic agenda—which was directed by Taft.
When the Soviets left Manchuria in the spring of 1946, however, they left behind for the Chinese Communists a vast store of Japanese weapons and mate´ riel that increased their strength considerably—although Stalin was probably more interested in fueling the civil war to keep China divided and weak than in actually aiding the Communists. S. soldiers to aid Jiang’s drive north into Manchuria, but the Communists got there first and claimed the prize. Truman tried to head off a resumption of the Chinese Civil War by 34 Abundance and Anxiety sending Patrick Hurley, and later General George Marshall, to mediate the differences between the Communists and the Nationalists, and to push the two sides into a coalition government before hostilities could resume.