By Dorothy McBride Stetson
Containing the result of a cross-national learn venture on abortion politics in 11 democratic states (between the Sixties and 2000), this quantity marks significant development in abortion examine. It develops a finished study layout to ascertain even if women's coverage businesses (institutional teams meant to enhance the prestige of ladies) have functioned as helpful and powerful allies of women's hobbies. It explores their efforts to achieve entry to strength arenas and safe abortion legislation that coincide with feminist objectives. certainly, those findings represent a rigorous software of comparative method to evaluate factors from social move and democratic idea touching on diversifications in country feminism and flow luck.
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Extra info for Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism (Gender and Politics)
The counter-movement had lost some of its strength; the anti-abortionists of the 199 os were not the same as those of the 19705. There were shifts in strategies and the coalition disintegrated. Radical anti-abortionists built up a new coalition with the extreme right and fundamentalist Catholics. This wing is ideologically and personally linked to the pro-life movement in the United States, which supplied strategies and propaganda material as well as the name of the group Ja zum Leben (I Choose Life).
However, because the traditional political base has splintered since the 19705, Austrian political parties have entered into greater competition with each other. The proportion of voters who change their voting behaviour in each election has increased. The Austrian People's Party now has to compete for votes beyond the traditional Christian community due to the change in political culture and political behaviour. For these reasons, and in response to the fact that according to opinion polls nearly 70 per cent of Austrians approve of the Fristenlosung—abortion on demand within the first trimester of pregnancy—Austrian People's Party officials decided to accept the existing abortion laws and to say'yes' to mifegyne.
Kardinal Konig, the chairman of the Austrian Bishops' Conference, which is the most important decisionmaking body within the Catholic Church, wrote an open letter to Chancellor Bruno Kreisky. In it, he emphasized the moral dimension, opposing free-choice abortion as a renunciation of society's responsibility to protect life, including unborn life (Weinziel 1986, Gofiler and Edlinger 1982). Interestingly enough, the letter used only gender-neutral phrases. In 1975, the Austrian Catholic Church played an important role in mobilizing people to give their signatures to the people's initiative.