By Simin Karimi
This learn addresses the issues scrambling langauges supply for the prevailing syntactic theories via reading the interplay of semantic and discourse practical components with syntactic homes of be aware order during this form of languages, and via discussing the results of this interplay for common Grammar. 3 interrelated ambitions are rigorously during this paintings. the 1st is to investigate the syntactic constitution of Persian, a language which shows unfastened notice order. With this research, the writer has accounted for the relative order of labeled expressions, the incentive for his or her attainable rearrangements, and the grammatical result of these reorderings. during this recognize, a wide diversity of significant syntactic phenomena, together with item shift, Case, prolonged Projection precept (EPP), binding, and scope interpretation of quantifiers, interrogative words, adverbial words, and unfavorable parts are tested. This monograph is the 1st significant theoretical paintings ever released on Persian, and hence fills the prevailing hole through delivering perception into the syntactic constitution of this language. the second one aim is to attach those insights to comparable linguistic homes in languages within which scrambling happens (e.g. German, Dutch, Hindi, Russian, jap, and Korean), and to supply a deeper realizing of this crew of genetically varied, yet typologically similar languages. the ultimate and critical objective is to situate the result of this paintings in the framework of the Minimalist software (MP). The investigations during this examine point out that scrambling isn't really an not obligatory rule, and that yes ideas of MP, corresponding to the minimum hyperlink situation, are just possible violated in those languages. in addition, it really is proven that cautious research of scrambling with appreciate to binding and scope relatives, and a reanalysis of the houses of A and A' hobbies, forged a few doubts at the relevance of a typology of circulation in traditional language.
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Additional info for A Minimalist Approach to Scrambling: Evidence from Persian
Ghomeshi (1997a) argues that D (in an Ezafe construction) appears in a final position within its projection. However, she has to consider two types of D since demonstratives appear in a DP initial position. Persian does not make gender distinctions, not even in its pronominal system. We use ‘she’ and ‘her’ in the English translations wherever the referent is arbitrary. For a more elaborated analysis of sentential arguments of verbs see Karimi (2001). This is the analysis advanced by Koster (1987) for German and Dutch.
Where Saito’s recent views are discussed). Assuming a configurational status for Dutch and German, Riemsdijk (1989) suggests that free word order in these languages arises from the base-generation of hierarchical structures in which the arguments and adjuncts are arbitrarily distributed. Neeleman (1994) makes a distinction between ordinary scrambling and focus in Dutch, and states that only the latter is the result of movement. Bayer and Kornfilt (1994) argue along the same lines. They suggest that non-focal scrambling is not the result of movement, but rather is base generated in its overt position.
The other group argues that scrambling has an impact on semantic interpretation such as scope identification (Miyagawa 1997, 2001; Beck and Kim 1997, Karimi 1999c, among others). The optionality of scrambling and the semantic effect of this operation form the center of discussion in the next chapters of this volume. We start the discussion in this chapter by providing an analysis of scrambling as a base-generation phenomenon. This discussion includes a review of recent works within the MP framework.