By George Grove
This can be a reissue of the 1st variation of George Grove's Dictionary of song and Musicians, which has considering developed to turn into the biggest and such a lot authoritative paintings of its sort in English. The undertaking grew within the making: the identify web page of quantity 1 (1879) refers to 'two volumes', yet by the point quantity four seemed in 1889 there has been additionally a 300-page appendix and a separate index quantity. The dictionary was once a world project, with participants from Paris, Leipzig, Berlin, Vienna and Boston along these dependent in Britain. It was once 'intended to provide an excellent and lengthy said wish' bobbing up from the elevated curiosity in all elements of song, which was once 'rapidly turning into a vital department of education', and to cater for the pro whereas being obtainable to the beginner. it's a interesting record of musical tastes and values within the overdue Victorian interval.
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Music and Musicians (A.D. 1450-1880): By Eminent Writers, English and Foreign. Volume 4
The form of the Clavier Suite movements was in fact too inelastic to admit of such expansion and development as was required in the orchestral works, and the type did not supply the characteristic technical qualities which would be of service in their development. The position of Bach's Orchestral Suites was somewhat different; and it appears that he himself called them Overtures. Dehn, in his preface to the first edition printed, says that the separate MS. ' This throws a certain light upon Bach's position.
No doubt many other composers were writing symphonies besides Haydn and Mozart, and were, like them, improving that branch of art. Unfortunately the difficulty of fixing the dates of their productions is almost insuperable ; and so their greater representatives come to be regarded, not only as giving an epitome of the history of the epoch, but as comprising it in themselves. Mozart's first specially notable symphony falls in 1778. This was the one which he wrote for Paris after his experiences at Mannheim; and some of his Mannheim friends who happened to be in Paris with him assisted at the performance.
In the early harmonic times the relationships of nearly all the different branches of composition were close. The Symphony was related even to the early Madrigals, through the ' Sonate da Chiesa,' which adopted the Canzona or instrumental version of the Madrigal as a second movement. It was also closely related to the early Fantasias, as the earliest experiments in instrumental music, in which some of the technical necessities of that department were grappled with. It was directly connected with the vocal portions of the early operas, such as airs and recitatives, and derived from them many of the mechanical forms of cadence and harmony which for a long time were a necessary part of its form.